Gâteau Basque

As you know I am all about in season produce. Today I thought I would talk about one of my favourite cakes, as it contains almonds, and here at least it is the almond season. I have also just come back from a trip to Laruns, my original source of this delicious delicacy.

Laruns and the mountains

Laruns, France

Laruns is a small French town in the central Pyrenees. It is the last major town before the Portalet pass into northern Spain. The town has much to recommend it, from the Gabas cheese from just up the road, to the chilled sweet white wines that are perfect for hot summer days, or the Gâteau Basque.

It is many years since I bought my first Gâteau Basque in the small bakery in the centre of town and I have

Gâteau Basque Layers

Gâteau Basque Layers

continued to buy them every time I have been down that way. As I commented in a previous post, I love custard, and this gâteau has a custard like middle layer. Unfortunately I could never work out what the outer layers were! The way it just melted in the mouth was so divine…… I decided I had to find a recipe.

The gâteau gets its name from the Basque Country, which is an area on the Atlantic coast of Spain that has a narrow border with France. Good food is to be had in most if not all of Spain, but is especially good in the Basque Country. As it is wetter than much of Spain, vegetables grow well and there is good grass to fatten livestock or to produce good quality milk and cheeses. They also have the Atlantic coast for fishing.

I decided it was time to consult my friend and advisor Google, who would surely know the answer. Alas it was not to be. A couple of years went by without much progress. I would buy a Gâteau Basque in Laruns and upon eating the last crumb burst into a flurry of activity trawling the web in search of a recipe. I found very few and those that I found never gave the gâteau I was looking for. Also, although I travelled relatively often to the Basque Country, I never actually saw a gâteau in a cake shop either.

It wasn’t until relatively recently that the obvious answer hit me. Talk about not seeing the wood for the trees……. I could get the gâteau in France, and the “Greater” Basque Country used to occupy an area in the south of France too. As soon as I started searching the internet in French I came up with recipes that did sound like what I was buying in Laruns. So after much searching and no small amount of trial and error, here is my version of the traditional (French) Gâteau Basque:

Gâteau Basque

Ingredients (20cm diameter gâteau):

For the custard filling:Gateaux Basque

250ml Milk

50g Sugar

1/2 Vanilla pod

2 drops Almond essence

3 Egg yolks

20g Flour

50g Ground almonds

For the pastry:

250g Flour

10g Baking powder

1 Egg, beaten

100g Sugar

Pinch Salt

125g Butter, melted

For the glaze:

1/2 Egg yolk

7.5ml Milk


Before I jump in with the how, a couple of comments:

Although this recipe is longer and more complex than what I normally post, do not be put off. It is not that difficult. Please also note that although the pastry is delicate, it shouldn’t be rolled out too thin. This is one of those recipes, thankfully, that bucks the current trend of wafer-thin pastry. This pastry is there to be eaten and is delicious. So just roll it out normally and put into the tin. If you do end up with breakages or holes in the pastry, they can be fixed by simply pressing in a little more dough. So don’t worry and give it a try. Do not use commercial shop-bought pastry, it will not be the same.

Boil the milk with two thirds of the custard filling sugar, the vanilla pod and the almond essence for a few minutes. Leave for a couple of hours to steep. Open vanilla pod. Extract seeds and beat back into the milk.

Meanwhile make the pastry. Mix the flour and baking powder then beat in the egg with a spoon. Beat in the sugar and the melted butter. Add just enough cold water, normally just a few drops, to make a pastry then seal in cling film for about 30 minutes.

Note that if margarine is used instead, you should chill the dough for at least an hour. Butter will harden quicker and the pastry will not roll out well.

With a whisk beat together the custard filling egg yolks, remaining sugar and the flour. Slowly beat in the milk. Beat in the almonds. Bring back to the boil to thicken up the custard.

Preheat the oven to 190ºC.

Take a 20cm diameter tin with straight sides. Grease with butter and sprinkle with flour before use.

Gateaux BasqueRoll out two thirds of the pastry and cover the base and the sides of the tin. Leave an overlap. Pour in the custard. Take the other third, roll out and use the base of the tin to cut out a circle. Carefully place over the custard.

Beat together the glaze ingredients.

Trim the pastry along the sides of the dish if necessary, there should be just enough to fold over onto the pastry circle lid. Paint the edge with a little of the glaze and fold down the pastry onto the lid pressing gently to seal around the edges.

Paint over the top of the gâteau with the rest of the glaze.

Bake for 30 minutes at 190ºC. Leave to cool in the mould.

Well I hope you like this French speciality. Give it a try and let me know what you think via the comments option on the post. Thanks.

2015 Lincoln W. Betteridge


2 thoughts on “Gâteau Basque

  1. Hi, Lincoln,
    I was just looking for something really delicious on a Sunday afternoon for coffee time. Amazing what the scent of vanilla can do ! Your selection of sweet things is perfect.
    looking forward to reading the next chapter,


    • Hello Ursula,

      I am glad you like my recipes, and it is good for you to send me the feedback.
      I can of course recommend all my recipes….. but the Gâteau Basque really is one of my favourites. If you have any questions or problems making it just let ,e know..

      Best regards,


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